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Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India

Badrinath temple is the revered shrine dedicated to Lord Vishnu(Palanhaar i.e. the operator), in Hindu mythology, situated in the Chamoli district of Uttarakhand, India. It is believed that Vishnu resides here in the dual form of Nar- Narayan. It is a  part of Chardham (Badrinath, Dwarka, Puri, and Rameswaram) and also part of Uttarakhand Char Dham i.e. Chota Char Dham. The temple is one of five related shrines called Panch Badri, which are dedicated to the worship of Vishnu.

Situated in Garhwal hills tracts, which lies along the Alaknanda river, this temple stands at an elevation of 3133m. Opposite the temple, stands the gigantic Nar Parbat.

About this shrine, the Skanda Purana states that “There are several sacred shrines in heaven, on earth, and in hell; but there is no shrine like Badrinath.”

badrinath temple
Shri Badrinath Temple

Etymology

Badri is another way to say “Badrayana,” one more name for Rishi Ved Vyas, who is remembered to have lived around here. “Badarikashrama” is one more name for it.

ARCHITECTURE OF BADRINATH TEMPLE

Temple is a classic epitome of Garhwali wooden Architecture and resembles Vihara (Buddhist Temple). Stone is used for the facade, which includes arched windows.

INSIDE THE BADRINATH TEMPLE

The main entrance, a large, arched entryway, is reached through a broad stairwell. A mandap, a vast, pillared corridor leading to the sanctum, or primary shrine space, is located just within. The hall’s walls and pillars are adorned with elaborate sculptures. 

The temple has three structures: the Garbhagriha, the Darshan Mandap, and Sabha Mandap. The conical-shaped roof of the sanctum, the garbhagriha, is approximately 15 m  tall with a small cupola on top, covered with a gold gilt roof.

1 Ft. tall black stone deity (Shaligram) of Bdrinarayan, is found inside the Gold canopy under the Badri tree. This Deity is also considered to be appeared by self-manifestation. You can view the deity holding a Shankha and Chakra in his hands while the other two of his hands rest on his lap.

Lord Badrinath
Lord Badrinath

You can also find the pictures of Kubera, the sage Narada, Uddhava, Nar, and Narayan, the deity of riches. Around the temple, there are fifteen additional images that are revered. Lakshmi, Garuda, and Navadurga, Durga’s incarnation in nine various forms, are among them. There are other shrines dedicated to Lakshmi Narasimhar, Adi Shankara, Nar and Narayan, Ghantakarna, Vedanta Desika, and Ramanujacharya. The temple’s deities are all fashioned of black stone.

A hot sulfur spring ( Tapt Kund) is found just below the temple, which has a year-round temperature of 55 degrees celsius. This spring is believed to have medicinal properties and devotees take a dip in it before visiting the deity.

The ponds are named Narad Kund and Surya Kund.

MYTHOLOGICAL LEGEND BEHIND BADRINATH TEMPLE

According to Vishnu Puran, Dharma had two sons, Nar and Narayan, which are also current names for the Himalayan mountains. They picked the Himalayan valleys to preach their faith. They discovered the other four Badris of the Pancha Badri, Bridha Badri, Yog Bhadri, Dhyan Badri, and Bhavish Badri while looking for a suitable location to build a hermitage. They eventually discovered and christened Badri Vishal, a hot and cold spring beyond the Alaknanda River.

There is another legend as well, attached to the Badrinath Temple. At this location, the deity Vishnu sat in meditation. Vishnu was unconcerned about the cold while meditating. His consort, Lakshmi, guarded him with the Badri tree (jujube or Indian date-Ber/Beri). Vishnu called the site Badrika Ashram for Lakshmi’s devotion. As a huge Beri/jujube, Goddess Lakshmi was dubbed “Badri Vishal,” and Lord Vishnu was dubbed “Badrinath,” Badri’s spouse. 

According to another mythology, Shiva and Parvati underwent tapas in Badrinath. Vishnu appeared as a tiny kid, screaming loudly and causing them to be disturbed. He told Parvati that he was sobbing because he wished to go to Badrinath for meditation. Lord Narayan was in disguise when Shiva and Parvati discovered him. They then went from Badrinath to Kedarnath.

WHO BUILT THE BADRINATH TEMPLE?

It is believed that in the ninth century, Adi Shankara developed Badrinath as a pilgrimage place. Shankara discovered Badrinarayan’s picture in the Alaknanda River and encased it near the Tapt Kund hot springs in a cave.

  The murti was relocated to the current temple by the ruler of Garhwal in the sixteenth century.  Due to age and avalanche damage, the temple has undergone multiple major restorations. The temple was expanded by the Garhwal monarchs in the seventeenth century. The King of Jaipur repaired it after it was severely damaged in the great Himalayan earthquake of 1803.

PRIESTS OF BADRINATH TEMPLE

Like other shrines of Chota Char Dham,  the chief priest, or Rawal, is generally a Nambudiri Brahmin from Kerala in South India. The Chief Priest or Rawal is accorded the status of his holiness by the Garhwal Rifles and the government of Uttarakhand. A proper tilak ceremony his held to instate the Rawal.

WORSHIP INSIDE THE BADRINATH TEMPLE

Mahabhishek, Abhishek, Gitapath, and Bhagavat puja are the main pujas conducted every morning at 4:30 am, whilst geet Govinda and aarti are performed in the evening. All ceremonies include recitals from Vedic writings such as Ashtotram and Sahasranama. The temple closes at 9:00 pm. The ornaments on the picture of Badrinath are removed after aarti, and sandalwood paste is added. During the nirmalaya darshan the next day, the paste from the picture is handed to the worshippers as prasad.

FESTIVALS CELEBRATED IN BADRINATH TEMPLE

The Badri Kedar festival is held in both the temple and the Kedarnath temple throughout the month of June. The event lasts eight days and features performances by musicians from all around the country.

Another festival, which is celebrated with great fervour is the Mata Murti Ka Mela, which commemorates the Ganges’ landing on earth. During the festival, the mother of Badrinath, who is said to have split the river into twelve channels for the happiness of earthly beings, is worshipped. 

OPENING AND CLOSING DATE OF BADRINATH TEMPLE

Being covered with snow in the winter season and making it inaccessible,  the temple closes for the winter, on the auspicious day of Bhatridwityia. On the day of closure, a lamp filled with ghee is lighted, which will remain for six months. The main priest performs special pujas in the presence of pilgrims and temple authorities on this day. 

During this time, the image of Badrinath is moved to the Narasimha temple at Jyotirmath, which is 64 kilometres away from the temple.

On Akshaya Tritiya, around April–May, the temple reopens.

OPENING DATE OF BADRINATH TEMPLE 2022

On the occasion of Basant panchnmi.It has been announced that doors or Kapat of Badrinath temple will open on 8th May 2022  at 6:15 am.

Badrinath Temple Opening Ceremony
Badrinath Temple Opening Ceremony

GAADU GHADA YATRA 2022

The extraction of sesame oil for the Gaadu Ghada yatra kicks off the process of opening the Badrinath temple. For the Gaadu Ghada yatra, a puja Archana is held in the royal palace Narendranagar Palace. On the auspicious day of dham opening, the sesame oil is used for the consecration of Lord Badri Vishal. This Sesame oil is extracted by the women of the royal family and the Dimri family. After its extraction, the oil is put into a pitcher (Ghada) and taken directly to Badrinath Dham.

This year, the Gaadu Ghada will leave the palace on 22 April 2022.

BADRINATH WEATHER

The months of March through June have a lovely climate with an average temperature of roughly 18°C. From July until mid-September, the weather is dry and the temperature dips to 15°C. From November through April, the days are frigid, with average low temperatures hovering around 5°C. Winters may reach sub-zero temperatures, with snowfall occurring often.

Badrinath temple during winter
Badrinath Temple During Winters

BEST TIME TO VISIT BADRINATH TEMPLE

Badrinath temple experiences pleasant weather throughout the year. In winter, the temple remains closed due to heavy snowfall. There are frequent chances of landslides in the region, during the monsoon.

So it is best to visit Badrinath temple from May – June, and September- October.

The months of March through June have a lovely climate with an average temperature of roughly 18°C. From July until mid-September, the weather is dry and the temperature dips to 15°C. From November through April, the days are frigid, with average low temperatures hovering around 5°C. Winters may reach sub-zero temperatures, with snowfall occurring often.

PUJA/AARTI/ BHOG AT BADRINATH TEMPLE

With the digital growth, the offerings of Pujas at Badrinath temple are very feasible. You can book your Puja/ Aarti or Bhog at the shrine, online. You just need to

Visit: https://badrinath-kedarnath.gov.in/AboutUs/shri-badrinath.aspx

For Pooja, there are charges fixed by Government as given below. Please also find the link for the booking of pooja.

Link: https://badrinath-kedarnath.gov.in/online-services/book-puja-online/Book_Pooja_Online.aspx

Pujas Available for Booking at Shri Badarinath

Rate List for Puja/Paath/Bhog/Aarti in which presence of pilgrim is NOT required 

S.NoPuja NameTimingRate(INR)
1Abhishek Puja (Bandhan)For 10 years44201
2Akhand Jyoti AnnualAs Per Norms4951
3Astotari Path (Bandhan)For 10 years4031
4Atka Prasad by the Ordinary MailFor 10 years421
5Atka Prasad under Regd. PostFor 10 years980
6Atka Prasad under U.P.C.For 10 years650
7Bal Bhog (Bandhan)For 10 years7301
8Bhagwan Nar-Narayan JanmotsavaIn Shrawan Month4951
9Chandi Aarti (Bandhan)For 10 years2731
10Deep Malika UtsavaDuring Deepawali4951
11Donation for Renovation WorkAny Time100
12Gaddi BhentAny Time100
13Ghee for Deepak on Closing DayAs Per Norms4951
14Ghrit Kambal Ghee on Closing DayAs Per Norms4951
15Karpoor Aarti (Bandhan)For 10 years1951
16Kheer BhogAs Per Norms911
17Mahabhog (Bandhan)For 10 years32501
18Mata Murti UtsavaOn Vaman Dwadasi4951
19Nitya Niyam BhogAs Per Norms10551
20Nitya Niyam Bhog for Deities of Subordinate TempleAs Per Norms6351
21Pind PrasadAs Per Norms101
22Shri Krishna Janmashtami UtsavaAs Per Norms10551
23Special DonationAny Time100
24Srarwani RudrabhishekIn Shrawan Month11701
25Swaran Aarti (Bandhan)For 10 years5201
26Vishnu Sahasranamawali (Bandhan)For 10 years9101
27Vishnu Sahasranm Path (Bandhan)For 10 years7411
28Yatri BhogAs Per Norms101
Rate of Pooja Offered at Badrinath Temple

Rate List for Puja/Paath/Bhog/Aarti in which presence of pilgrim is required 

S.NoPuja NameTimingRate(INR)
1Abhishek Puja4:30am to 6:30am4100
2Akhand Jyoti One DayAs Per Norms1451
3Astotari PujaBetween 6pm to 9pm (For 10-15 minutes)351
4Chandi ArtiBetween 6pm to 9pm (For 5-10 minutes)351
5Entire Pujas of a DayAs Per Norms11700
6Geeta Path3pm to 6pm2500
7Karpoor ArtiBetween 6pm to 9pm (For 5-10 minutes)151
8Maha-Abhishek Puja4:30am to 6:30am4300
9Shayan Aarti with Geet Govind PathEnd of the Day3100
10Shrimad Bhagwat Sapth PathFor One Week35101
11Swaran AartiBetween 6pm to 9pm (For 5-10 minutes)376
12Ved Path7:30am to 12 noon2100
13Vishnusahasranamawali PathBetween 6pm to 9pm (For 10-15 minutes)576
14Vishnusahasranam PathBetween 6pm to 9pm (For 10-15 minutes)456
Rate of Pooja Offered at Badrinath Temple

STAY AT BADRINATH TEMPLE

Being a revered shrine that is visited by lakhs of devotees every year, you can find numerable options to stay at Badrinath Temple. But it is advisable to book your stay prior to your visit during peak season.

BKTC-UK Guest Houses are provided in Shri Badrinath. This portal’s Online Accommodation Booking Facility may be used to book these guest homes. You can also get Dharamshala from various organizations which are available for a little fee. There are numerous hotels that are privately owned.

Joshimath which is around 45 Km from Badrinath, is a good place to stay 

Pilgrims can stay at Joshimath and do Badrinath darshan in a one-day journey because the temple is located at a high altitude. Joshimath has guest houses, hotels, and a Dharmshala. BKTC-UK Guest Houses in Joshimath also have an online booking system.

Visit the link for booking of Government hotels: https://badrinath-kedarnath.gov.in/Auth/LoginRegister/Login_Pilgrim.aspx

FOOD AT BADRINATH

You can various roadside eating stalls along with small eating joints that can serve you freshly cooked Chinese or North Indian food. Being a site of religious importance, Alcohol and non-vegetarian food are banned in the region.

DISTANCE FROM OTHER CHAR DHAM TO BADRINATH TEMPLE VIA ROAD

  1. Kedarnath to Badrinath Distance: 218 km

2. Gangotri Temple to Badrinath Distance: 421 km

3. Yamunotri Temple to Badrinath Distance: 103 km

HOW YO REACH BADRINATH TEMPLE

By Air: Situated at a distance of 314 km, Jollygrant Airport is the nearest one to this place. Daily flights are available from Delhi to Jollygrant Airport. As Badrinath is well connected with roads, you can book a taxi to reach here.

By Rail: Situated at a distance of 295 km away from Badrinath, Rishikesh Railway station is the nearest one. Trains are frequent from other major destinations of the country. Then you can take a bus or book a taxi to reach Badrinath.

By Road: Major places across the state, are well connected via a road network to Badrinath. You can find buses from Haridwar, Rishikesh, Dehradun, Rudraprayag, Karnaprayag, Chamoli, and many others. And you can easily find a bus to Haridwar, Rishikesh, and Dehradun from Kashmere Gate ISBT, Delhi.

Delhi to Badrinath Kedarnath Map
Delhi to Badrinath Kedarnath Map

WHAT IS BADRINATH TEMPLE FAMOUS FOR?

Badrinath Temple is famous for the revered site of Char Dham pilgrimage, Lord Vishnu Temple, scenic beauty, and also a part of Panch Badri Circuit.

PLACES TO VISIT AROUND BADRINATH TEMPLE

  1. Vasudhara Falls
  2. Narsingh Shila
  3. Narad Shila
  4. Shesh Netra
  5. Panch Dhara
  6. Ganesha Caves
  7. Satopanth Trek
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